ABOUT CRAFTS IN INDONESIA

If talking about the art of the craft will not be separated from the fine arts. Both parallel and grow together, if it focuses on the aesthetics of art, the craft is more focused on the application. But the craft of art will also remain in direct contact with the aesthetics. This was deemed possible because of the need not only for the craft by means of life, but also for the sake of fulfillment will be the element of beauty. Because aspects of the function occupies the major portion, then the craft of art must have the element of comfort. Here means good comfort to wear. Thus, an object has fulfilled its function properly. Art Craft if judging from the forms of its manifestations, including as art rupa.Jika matranya judging from the angle, then the art of craft belonging to the two dimensions of art, ie art which has 2 sizes, ie length and width. In other words art are two basic dimensions, has no thickness so that it takes up space, examples of these crafts are two dimensions for example, craft wall decoration.

Popular crafts for different purposes, but in broad outline craft functions can be divided into three sections; as decoration, as objects of applied (disposable) and as a toy. The real art is the art of craft which put functions. The decorative elements here only as a supporter. So how wonderful it is the function object that should not be lost. Subroto said there are at least five constraints faced by an artist, namely; needs (interests), the availability of material, mastery of technology, availability of funds and creative ability.

In the function element, an artist must be able to craft combines beauty and functional aspects. So that the resulting work can fulfill the function of fixed shape while but also beautiful. A craft creators are required to have extensive knowledge of the material will be domination.In addition to inhibiting factors arts, Subroto also provides five key factors in supporting the arts, namely; needs, materials, technology, capital and creation. At least some of the capital in support of the arts above, will stimulate an artist to continue and continue to work in the period ahead. An artist must have a high confidence. And this is already visible in the amount of capital owned by each of the innate artist.

Since ancient times actually indirectly, has created an art craft. This happened at first as merely an auxiliary tool in the procession or ceremony, decorate the house or as a souvenir. But in its development, the type of shape is then evolved into a diverse type art and craft which creates profitable.

Art Craft is basically directed to an ornaments in shape. For example, among others, are ornaments on the keris, puppets, batik, which have their own ornaments, wooden carvings in Jepara, engraving on metals, and others.

In the kris and wayang we can see wearing something special ornaments. In the curve of the body of a kris, keris hilt, and wearing an ornamental dagger wrapped in beauty. While the puppet is also not much different. In the puppet itself is almost all used a carved ornament. Puppet art as a classical art form can be an opportunity for growth continues at the administrative centers, in addition to branches other classical arts.

Keris

Wayang Kulit

Pergelaran Wayang Kulit

In the case of batik painting, many artists who kept his studio kitchen so hard to guess how the practice works. But almost certainly primarily big-besr that they have “workers” who became elongation hand. Parts of the work process as tembokan, was closed areas – large areas with wax so as not affected by the color when dyed, or in-iseni ngisen, which fills the field of small fields with cecek or shredded in parts that are fairly easy to give to others without significant risk.

Batik art is known as a traditional painting. Since ancient medium of batik art flourished. Later each batik art in the area – parts of Indonesia has its own characteristics. This is because at the time, all the results of an associate of any proprietary or a kingdom or a particular area or the character of the palace centric.


Tourism and Batik

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